Vitoplanar electric heaters

Hardly any other heating system is as suitable for decentralized heating of living spaces as electric heating. Whether as direct heating such as a rapid heater or as radiant heating such as an infrared radiator: an electric heater can be installed almost anywhere as a supplement to an existing heating system. Because electric radiators are available in numerous output ranges, shapes and colours. They can also be put into operation very quickly, are easy to assemble and do not require any time-consuming and costly planning.

How electric heaters work

Heat is generated from electricity when an electric current flows through a resistive conductor (the component of the resistance heating is also called heating conductor or heating resistor) so that the conductor heats up. The term "resistance heating" refers to electric heating. They heat the building with electricity. Additional energy sources are not required. In combination with a PV system, such a heater works in an environmentally friendly way. The resistance heating can be used as a centralized or decentralized solution.

Direct heaters give off heat directly to the room

Electric heaters such as fan heaters, radiant heaters, wall convectors and infrared heaters belong to the direct heating category. As the name already suggests, these devices emit the generated thermal energy directly into the room. But there is a difference here too: A fan heater, for example, works like a hair dryer and uses the air as a heat transfer medium.

The heat transfer looks completely different with an infrared heater. It does not primarily heat the air, but itself and the surrounding objects. The latter then pass on the thermal energy to the room in the form of radiation. Many people find radiant heat pleasant because it is very similar to solar radiation.

Video: heating with electricity

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Electric heater for wall mounting

Direct heaters such as rapid heaters and wall convectors from Viessmann can be quickly and easily attached to the desired wall. They are just as suitable as electric heaters for the bathroom as they are for use as electric heaters in rooms that are rarely used, such as converted garages or conservatories. Thanks to their low installation depth and the large output levels, they always remain unobtrusive. A special feature are mirrored electric heaters (infrared panels). Its polished glass surface is not only pleasantly noticeable. Similar to a conventional mirror, such electric heaters also make the installation room appear larger. You can find detailed information on this on the Vitoplanar wall heating page.

Electric heaters for floor laying

An electric heater does not necessarily have to be mounted on a wall. The decentralized and central heating of rooms can also be realized from below - even invisibly. This is made possible by electric heating mats, which are suitable for parquet/laminate floors and ceramic coverings. Viessmann heating mats are characterized by their installation height of just 1.3 millimeters (Vitoplanar EF3) and can be easily installed under the floor covering. If, for example, the screed is not renewed during modernization, then such mats are the ideal solution. You can read what distinguishes the devices on the thin-bed heating page.

A modern kitchen with laminate can also be equipped with an electric heater.